Why pampered purebreds have reproductive problems.
Litter rejection, no milk and other hormonal or behavioral problems.
Vaginal cytology is good but how to check the bitch’s knot and read the stud dog is better.
preventing mashed pups, overheating, dehydration, the whelping nest, no milk...
The first comparative study on mating problems, low fertility, flakey seasons, litter rejection, and small litters.
Missed matings put a dent in successful canine reproduction!
How long to leave intact after birth to prevent lung & brain damage.
Missed seasons? Canine Reproductive Science, for you and your dog! (1 of 2)
causes irregular estrus cycles as well as bone & joint deformities, etc. (2 of 2)
Cystitis, strictures, or thick hymens can lead to artificial insemination (AI) and reduced canine reproduction and fertility rates.
If you sleep by the whelping box, breathe life into a stillborn puppy...