Find Your Breed Of Dog COTON de TULEAR INDEX | AKC & UKC Coton de Tulear Breed Standards, Top Coton de Tulear breeder, Quality Coton de Tulear puppies, Coton de Tulear breeding program, Coton de Tulear Breeders, Coton de Tulear puppy, Coton de Tulear litter CERTIFIED COTON de TULEAR BREEDERS | AKC & UKC Coton de Tulear Breed Standards, Top Coton de Tulear breeder, Quality Coton de Tulear puppies, Coton de Tulear breeding program, Coton de Tulear Breeders, Coton de Tulear puppy, Coton de Tulear litter COTON de TULEAR REFERENCE & INFORMATION INDEX | AKC & UKC Coton de Tulear Breed Standards, Top Coton de Tulear breeder, Quality Coton de Tulear puppies, Coton de Tulear breeding program, Coton de Tulear Breeders, Coton de Tulear puppy, Coton de Tulear litter

 

 

Coton de Tuléar Information

 

UKC & FCI Breed Standards Side-by-Side Comparison

 


The United Kennel Club - Companion Dog Group

Coton de Tulear Breed Standard

Recognized January 1, 1996 - Revised July 1, 2007

 

History

The Coton de Tulear originates from the island of Madagascar, off the coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. The breed derives its name from the French word coton, meaning "cotton," and from the Madagascan port of Tulear. Tulear was once a popular port of merchant ships sailing the Indian Ocean, and it is believed that around the 15th or 16th century, European merchants introduced various Bichon-type companion dogs to Madagascar. It is probable that the breed evolved from the interbreeding of those Bichon strains. It is presumed that because of their beauty and affectionate personality, these dogs were offered to the King and Malagasy nobles. In the 17th century, the Coton de Tulear was adopted by the ruling "Merina" tribal monarchy, and it was forbidden that anyone other than royalty own the breed. Thus became the breed's prevalent title of "Royal Dog of Madagascar."

 

General Appearance

The Coton de Tulear is a small dog, with a long, cotton-like coat and round, dark, intelligent, expressive eyes. The ratio of height (measured at the withers) to body length is 2:3.

 

Characteristics

Happy, stable and sociable with people and with other dogs, the Coton de Tular’s only purpose is to be a charming companion. This excellent temperament is a hallmark of the breed.

 

Head

The head is short, measuring approximately two-fifths (2/5) the length of the body. When viewed from above, it is triangular in shape.

 

Skull - the skull is rounded on top and rather broad in relationship to its length. There is a slight stop and no prominence of either occiput or crest. Zygomatic arches are well developed.

 

Muzzle - The muzzle is short, just over half the length of the skull. The nasal bone is straight, and the lips are fine and tight, matching the nose in color.  Serious Fault: Bridge of nose convex (Roman nose).

 

Teeth - A full complement of small, strong, white, perfect teeth meet in a scissors, level, or slightly undershot bite (reverse scissors, with no gap between the upper and lower teeth). The absence of the first premolars is not a fault. M3’s are not taken into consideration.  Disqualification: Undershot or overshot (no contact between the upper and lower incisors). Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or M3.

 

Eyes - The rather round, dark eyes are bright and lively. They are set well apart. Eyelids are fine, with dark pigment that matches the nose.  Serious Faults: Light eyes. Almond shaped eyes. Entropion. Ectropion.  Disqualification: Wall eyes. Bulging eyes that show signs of dwarfism.

 

Nose - The small nose has open nostrils. It is black or dark brown in color.  Serious Faults: Pigment of the nose, lips or eye rims that is too pale or any of those areas partially lacking in pigmentation. Disqualification: Lips, nose and eye rims completely lacking in pigmentation.

 

Ears - The thin, triangular, dropped ears are set high on the skull and are fine at the tips. They are carried close to the cheeks and in length reach to the corner of the lips.  Serious Faults: Ears too short. Ears lacking sufficient hair. Rose ears.  Disqualification: Prick or Semi-prick ears.

 

Neck - Well-muscled, slightly arched and free of dewlap. The ratio of neck length to body length is 1:5.  Serious Faults: Short, stuffy neck. Thin neck.

 

Forequarters - The shoulder blade and upper arm are approximately the same length, and meet at an angle of 120 degrees.

 

Forelegs - Are straight and parallel, with good bone. The pasterns are strong and slightly sloping. Dewclaws may be removed.

 

Body - Rectangular in appearance, with a slightly convex topline. Withers are only slightly pronounced. The chest is well developed and deep to the level of the elbow. The ribcage is long and well sprung. The loin is well muscled and the croup is short, strong and sloping. There is a moderate tuck up.

 

Hindquarters - Strongly muscled and well angulated at the hip.

 

Hind Legs - Straight from hip to foot, with a dry, well defined hock joint that is moderately angulated. The presence of dewclaws on the rear legs is not penalized.

 

Feet - Small, round, with tight toes and pigmented pads.

 

Tail - Set low, with the length reaching below the hock joint. At rest, the tail is carried low with the tip curved up. On the move, it is carried gaily over the back with the tip pointing toward the neck, withers, back or loin.  Very Serious Faults: Ring tail. Short tail, not reaching to hock joint. Tail carried flat on the back. Tail absolutely straight, like a candle.  Disqualification: No tail.

 

Coat & Skin - Proper coat is a hallmark of the breed. It is very soft, supple and cottony in texture, never hard or harsh. The coat is dense and profuse, straight or slightly wavy. Skin is fine and tight, and may be pink or pigmented. Disqualifications: Any atypical coat such as wooly, silky or extremely curly.

 

Color - Ground color: White. A few slight shadings of light gray color (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white & fawn hairs) are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated on 10% of the entire coat as long as they do not alter the general appearance of the white coat. They are, however, not sought after.  Disqualifications: Any black marking on the coat or any shading covering more than 10% of the body.

 

Height - Desirable height for males is 10 to 11 inches with a tolerance of 1/2" (half an inch) below and 1" (one inch) above. Desirable height for females is 9 to 10 inches with a tolerance of 1/2" (half an inch) below and 1" (one inch) above.  Serious Fault: Any departure from the above measurements.

 

Weight - Acceptable weight is 9 to 13 pounds for males; 8 to 11 pounds for females, with a tolerance of up to one pound below and above the specified weights.  Disqualification: Males weighing less than 8 pounds or more than 14 pounds. Females weighing less than 7 pounds or more than 12 pounds. The minimum weight requirement is not applicable to dogs in the puppy class.

 

Gait - Free and flowing, but somewhat short strided. The convex topline is maintained on the move.

 

DISQUALIFICATIONS: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Wall eyes. Bulging eyes that show signs of dwarfism. No tail. Males weighing less than 8 pounds or more than 14 pounds. Females weighing less than 7 pounds or more than 12 pounds. The minimum weight requirement is not applicable to dogs in the puppy class.  Any atypical coat such as wooly, silky or extremely curly. Any black marking in coat or any shading covering more than 10% of the body. Lips, nose and eye rims completely lacking in pigmentation. Undershot or overshot (no contact between the upper and lower incisors). Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or M3. Prick or semi-prick ears. Albinism.

F.C.I. - Federation Cynologique Internationale

Publication of Original Valid

Coton de Tulear Breed Standard:

November 25, 1999
Companion Dog: Group 9 Companion & Toy Dogs, Section 1.2 Coton de Tuléar / Without working trial

TRANSLATION: Pamela Jeans-Brown, Renée Sporre-Willes, Raymond Triquet

ORIGIN: Madagascar - PATRONAGE France

 

Historical Summary:  Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970, this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.


General Appearance:  Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.

 

Important Proportions:  The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to 3. The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5. The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.

 

Behaviour & Temperament: Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.

 

Head - Short, seen from above triangular. Cranial Region:  Skull: Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.  Stop: Slight.

 

Facial Region: Nose: In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.  Muzzle: Straight.  Jaws/Teeth: Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM1 is not penalized; the M3s are not taken into consideration.  Lips: Fine, tight, of the same colour as the nose.  Cheeks: Lean.  Eyes: Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the colour of the nose.  Ears: Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light grey (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light grey appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).

 

Neck: Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.

 

Body - Topline: very slightly convex.  Dog longer than high. Withers: Only slightly pronounced. Back & Loin: Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin well muscled. Croup: Oblique, short and muscled. Chest: Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.  Belly: Tucked up but not excessively.

 

Tail: Low set, in the axis of the spinal column. • At rest: carried below the hock, the tip being raised. • On the move: Carried « gaily » curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.

 

Limbs - Forequarters: The front legs are upright. Shoulder & Upper Arm: Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo-humeral angle about 120°. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximatively to that of the shoulder blade.  Lower Arm: Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone.  The length of the  lower arm corresponds approximatively to that of the upper arm. Carpus (Pastern joint): A continuation of the line of the lower arm.  Metacarpals (Pastern): Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.  Forefeet: Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

 

Hindquarters: The hind legs are upright. Though dewclaws are not sought after, their presence is not penalized. Upper thigh: Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80°. Lower thigh: Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120°. Hock joint: Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160°. Metatarsals (Rear pasterns): Vertical. Hind feet: Similar to forefeet.

 

Gait: Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.

 

Skin: Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink colour, it can be pigmented.

 

Coat - Hair: This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough, the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.  Colour: Ground colour: White. A few slight shadings of light grey colour (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.

 

Height at Withers:

Males: 26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below. Females: 23-25 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.

 

Weight:

Males: From 4 kg to a maximum of 6 kg. Females : From 3.5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.

 

Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.  • Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow. • Muzzle : Disproportion between skull and muzzle. • Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eyes. • Ears : Too short, with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear). • Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender. • Topline : Too arched, sway backed. • Croup : Horizontal, narrow. • Shoulder : Straight. • Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close; straight angulations. • Hair : Too short, too wavy, curly. • Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discoloured nose, with unpigmented areas.

 

Eliminating Faults: Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. General type: • Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed). • Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.  Particular points: • Foreface: Bridge of nose convex. • Eyes: Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes. • Ears: Pricked or semi-pricked. • Tail: Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on the back or against the thighs; carried candle like; tailless. • Hair: Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky. • Colour: Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black. • Pigmentation: Total lack of pigment on eyerims, nose or lips.  Anomalies: • Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the incisors. • Absence of teeth other than the PM1 or the M3s. • Aggressive or extremely/overly shy specimen.  • Ears not pricked • Hanging tail • Long hair (shaggy) • Black Mask • Markings on white ground

 

N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Copyright © TheDogPlace.org 2011 http://www.thedogplace.org/BREEDS/Coton/Breed-Standards-UKC-FCI.asp

SSI

 

    

Search For Another Dog Breed or...     

 

Become A Charter Member of TheDogPlaceYour $20 Membership supports the world's first dog-site (1998).  Documented, cited, global information for all dog owners is powered by the NetPlaces Network and the internet's first

International Science & Advisory Board.

Become a Charter Member, Join US Now!

 

Privacy Policy   ~   Disclaimer         

 

Canine Health ThePetPlace TheShowPlace Projects Training