2006 AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines
by American Animal Hospital Association - March 2006
released a new edition of its vaccine guidelines for dogs. The 2006 AAHA
Canine Vaccine Guidelines and the executive summary of the guidelines is
published in the March/April 2006 issues of Trends magazine and the
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association.
AAHA released its first set of canine vaccination guidelines in 2003.
The American Animal Hospital Association Canine Vaccine Task Force reconvened in 2005 to re-examine and
revise the guidelines to reflect changes in the areas of canine
vaccines. Factors that contributed to the updating of the guidelines
include the rise of well documented duration of immunity studies,
industry support of extended revaccination intervals, and developing
areas of shelter medicine.
"To stay abreast of the changing landscape of vaccinations, it's
important for companion animal practitioners to review the updated
guidelines," said Daniel Aja, DVM, AAHA president. "We have gained new
knowledge over the past three years - especially in the field of
duration of immunity studies and shelter medicine. These important
updates are well referenced and are reflected in the 2006 edition of our
The 2006 AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines include detailed recommendations
on the use of available vaccines, which are classified as core
(universally recommended, noncore (optional), or not recommended.
Revised sections of the document include those addressing serologic
testing, vaccine adverse events, the vaccine licensing process and the
medical and legal implications of vaccine medicine.
The 28-page document contains a new section of guidelines that addresses
vaccination of dogs entering or residing in animal shelter environments.
Some of the core vaccination recommendations for shelter environments
are slightly more aggressive than the guidelines presented for general
Other new content covered in the document includes a section
highlighting the science of vaccine development, specifically such
technologies as live vectored, subunit, gene-deleted, and
deoxyribonucleic acid vaccines. The document also addresses vaccines
granted a conditional license by the US Department of Agriculture Center
for Veterinary Biologics, which includes rattlesnake and periodontal
The 2006 AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines are based on a combination of
published and unpublished scientific studies, expert opinion and
personal experience. The guidelines include a number of new citations
that enhance and enforce the science on which the guidelines are based.
The guidelines are intended to educate and inform the profession and
help veterinarians make vaccine recommendations for individual dogs or
in the case of a shelter situation, a population of dogs. The guidelines
are not intended to be an AAHA standard of care.
"For private practitioners, vaccinations certainly remain a medical
decision and procedure that should be individualized based on the risk
and lifestyle of the individual dog," says Aja. "Factors to consider
include the age, breed, health status, environment, lifestyle, and
travel habits of the dog."
The 2006 AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines were developed by a task force
composed of practitioners, internists, infectious disease experts,
immunologists and those committed to the growing concern of the
particular needs of shelter medicine. Task force members include Michael
A. Paul, DVM, chair; Leland E. Carmichael, DVM, PhD, DACVM; Henry
Childers, DVM, DABVP; Susan Cotter, DVM, DACVIM; Autumn Davidson, DVM,
DACVIM; Richard Ford, DVM, DACVIM; Kate F. Hurley, DVM, MPVM; James A.
Roth, DVM, PhD, DACVM; Ronald D. Schultz, PhD, DACVM; Eileen Thacker,
DVM, DACVM; and Link Welborn, DVM, DABVP.
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* None of the statements contained herein as regards human or animal health have been evaluated by the FDA. Information is provided for educational purposes only. We are required to advise you to always check with a licensed veterinarian or medical doctor. Information or products offered are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any illness, disease, or condition, whether animal or human. This disclaimer is due to FDA restrictions designed to protect you, the consumer. It does NOT protect you from vaccines or prescription drugs.
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